The marshes of Southern Iraq in Thi Qar province are the regions’ largest wetlands and an area of global ecological importance. The Marsh Arabs have fished and bred buffaloes here for thousand of years. In the 90s Saddam Hussein drained the marshes and displaced 1/2 Million of them. After local people broke down the embankments in 2003 water levels were restored to a sustainable degree and many of the displaced were able to return. Currently the marshes are once again under threat from severe drought, Turkish dams on the Tigris and Euphrates and ISIS control of key dams in Syria and Western Iraq.